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bone tumors

At Clínica Elgeadi, we have traumatologists specializing in bone cancer. Thanks to our innovative techniques, treatment and recovery techniques will be quick.

Types of bone tumors

Enchondromas

Benign cartilaginous tumor, located in the small bones of the hands and feet. Common in elderly people, and generally asymptomatic.

Osteosarcomas

Bone cancer, originating in bone cells. It usually occurs in long bones of the legs. Common in young adults.

Non-ossifying fibroids

It is a benign fibrous tumor that is produced in the growing bone. The bone part does not harden as normally and instead fills with fibrous tissue. Non-ossifying fibromas are common in children.

Osteochondroma

It is a type of benign tumor. In which bone and cartilaginous elements appear. Osteochondroma usually appears in bones such as the knee or tibia. The most common symptom is the appearance of a hard mass or pain in the area.

Giant cell tumor

Benign tumor, located in the lower extremities. Infrequent. It usually manifests itself in patients between 20 and 50 years of age.

Chondrosarcomas

Tumor that begins in the bones and spreads to surrounding soft tissues. For a complete diagnosis, a sample is removed and analyzed.

TUMOROSEO

Expert traumatologists for bone tumors Madrid

Prof. Dr. Elgeadi's team has traumatologists specialized in the treatment of bone tumors, who use innovative techniques.

Normally, the intervention consists of a simple resection of the tumor. Recovery is quick and the patient can continue carrying out their usual activities.

Resolving doubts…

A bone tumor is an abnormal growth of cells that produce a tumor in the bones. or joints of the human body. They can spread to other areas or structures, causing metastasis.

Normally, they manifest themselves as lumps or inflammations that are painless for the patient. In cases of large tumors, they can cause nerve compression that causes pain in the patient. In many cases, bone tumors weaken the bone, increasing the risk of bone fractures.

Benign tumors must be periodically monitored by a specialist; however, if they present a non-aggressive local growth, they will not pose a risk to the patient.

Main symptoms of bone cancer

The main symptoms that can occur in the appearance of bone cancer They are: pain or swelling in the affected bone, even lumps appearing in the area.

Another common symptom is bone weakness, leading to bone fractures that previously had some ailment.
All of these symptoms are usually accompanied by fatigue and unjustified weight loss in the patient.

Most commonly, bone cancer occurs in large areas of the body, such as the legs or arms.

The treatment for bone cancer must be multidisciplinary, this means that the treatment must be carried out by different cancer specialists, in order to have all possible means to find the most suitable one for the patient.

The most common therapy for bone cancer consists of surgery, whose main objective is the resection of the tumor and surrounding tissues, which sometimes require amputation and reconstruction using grafts or prostheses.

In the most severe cases, the patient will have to undergo oncological treatment. Once the surgery to remove the bone tumor has been performed, treatments based on radiotherapy or chemotherapy will be applied.

The radiotherapy for bone cancer: It is the destruction of cancer cells, through high energy rays, carried out from the outside in. They are normally performed in cases where the cancer has not been able to be removed through surgery.

He chemotherapy treatment for the destruction of bone tumors It consists of a medication that is taken by mouth or injection until it reaches the cancer cells and destroys them completely.

In those patients with bone metastasis, it will be necessary to treat the affected organs through the therapies mentioned above, which can improve the patient's life.

Intervention for bone tumors is recommended in those cases in which the tumor is malignant, causes pain in the patient or there is a risk of metastasis.

Usually, in the case of benign tumors, an operation is not usually necessary. Only in those cases in which there is a risk of evolution to a malignant tumor, or with the aim of preventing bone weakening and fractures.

Recovery after bone tumor surgery

Recovery after bone tumor surgery depends on the type of tumor. In the case of benign tumors, the patient is usually discharged a few hours after surgery, prescribed analgesic treatment to prevent possible pain.

In case of malignant tumors, the patient's hospitalization period will be longer. It should be assessed whether complementary oncological treatment is necessary.

In surgeries in which a bone tumor is removed, a bone graft can be performed, with the aim of filling in spaces of broken bones that are extremely complicated to repair, or to replace since it can cause serious problems for the patient.

Habitually, bone tissue is removed from another part of the patient's body, but in other cases, donor bone (allograft) or artificial bone may be used.

Recovery after a bone graft procedure does not usually present complications and recovery time varies depending on the bone treated. It is recommended to avoid tobacco, which can affect bone healing.

There are different types of bone tumors:

Malignant bone tumors

Osteosarcoma: It is a type of bone cancer, originating in bone cells. It usually occurs in long bones, such as legs and arms (although they are not as common). This cancer is very common in adults and young people.
The most common symptoms of osteosarcoma are: bone fracture, pain in the affected area. And in those cases in which osteosarcoma occurs in the leg, such as the knee, a slight limp may occur in the patient.

Ewing sarcoma: It is a cancerous tumor that usually appears in the bone of the body, although it can also occur in the soft tissue around the bones.
The most common symptoms that usually accompany this Ewing Sarcoma are: fever for no reason, pain and swelling in the affected area.

Chondrosarcoma: This type of bone tumor begins in the bones and spreads to surrounding soft tissues. For a complete diagnosis, a sample is removed and analyzed. The symptoms of this pathology are: sensitivity in the affected area, creation of a lump and intense bone pain during the night.

Benign bone tumors

Osteochondroma or bone exostosis: This is a benign growth of bone tissue on existing bone. The most common symptoms are: swelling, weakness in the area and pain in the affected bones.

Enchondroma: It is a benign cartilaginous tumor, located in the small bones of the hands and feet. It is common in elderly people, and generally asymptomatic. However, they can cause quite a bit of pain if they grow too much. In those cases in which symptoms occur, the most common are: enlargement of the area in which the illness occurs

Non-ossifying fibroids: It is a benign fibrous tumor that is produced in the growing bone. The part of a bone does not harden as it normally does, and instead becomes filled with fibrous tissue instead of bone tissue. Most cases of non-ossifying fibromas usually occur during childhood.
This pathology does not usually cause symptoms; its detection is almost always through another ailment.

Patient with a tumor in the hand

Our patient has undergone surgery by Prof. Dr. Elgeadi on several occasions.

Ten days after the arthroscopic operation, he recovered almost complete mobility of his hand.

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