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Smoking

Smoking is one of the main preventable causes of illness and death premature around the world. 

Smoking cessation therapies

Smoking Unit in Madrid

Dr. Samar Elgeadi

In this video, Doctor Samar Elgeadi tells us about the different therapies to quit smoking and how it affects our health.
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Our patients' experience

How can I stop smoking?

There are several approaches to quitting smoking, ranging from nicotine replacement therapies, prescription medications and behavioral therapies, to counseling and support programs. Personal motivation and commitment are essential to overcome tobacco addiction.

Quitting smoking is an important goal to improve overall health and reduce the risk of lung disease, cardiovascular disease, and certain types of cancer.

Resolving doubts…

Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is a commonly used to help people quit smoking.

It consists of delivering nicotine to the body through sources other than cigarettes, such as patches, gum, inhalers or nasal sprays.

These products provide a controlled dose of nicotine, thereby reducing withdrawal symptoms and smoking cravings.

Nicotine patches are applied directly to the skin and release a constant amount of nicotine throughout the day.

Gums, inhalers, and nasal sprays allow for more immediate relief from cravings, as nicotine is quickly released into the bloodstream.

NRT may be especially useful for smokers who have a strong physical dependence on nicotine.

There are several prescription medications that can help in the process of quitting smoking. Two of the most common are varenicline and bupropion.

Varenicline acts on two fronts: it reduces nicotine cravings by blocking the brain receptors responsible for addiction and at the same time reduces the pleasure that smoking produces.

On the other hand, bupropion is an antidepressant that has also been shown to be effective in quitting smoking. Helps reduce withdrawal symptoms and decreases nicotine cravings.

Both medications must be prescribed by a doctor and it is important to follow the proper instructions and recommendations for their use.

Behavioral therapy is an important component of quitting smoking. It involves working with a mental health professional or smoking cessation specialist to identify triggers, change thinking patterns, and adopt new coping strategies. Some common behavioral therapy approaches include:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): This form of therapy helps identify and change the thoughts and behaviors associated with smoking. It focuses on developing skills to resist cravings, manage stress, and avoid risky situations.
  • Social support therapy: Participating in support groups, both in person and online, can be very beneficial. These groups provide a supportive environment where you can share your experiences, receive encouragement from other people who are also quitting, and learn from their successes and challenges.
  • Coping skills training: This therapy focuses on developing effective strategies to deal with smoking triggers, such as stress, negative emotions, or social situations. Relaxation, deep breathing, distraction and cognitive restructuring techniques are taught to help manage

Smoking is the habit of habitually smoking tobacco. It is a risk factor for health since tobacco contains numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances that can damage the lungs and other organs of the body.

Its regular consumption can increase the risk of developing serious diseases such as cancer or cardiovascular diseases. It is essential to try to abandon this habit as soon as possible, preventing the consequences that it entails.

Smoking is a habit that can significantly affect health and reduce life expectancy. Among the serious consequences it has for health, it is possible to mention:

  • Impaired lung function: Smoking can make it difficult to breathe and lead to chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
  • Cancer development: Smoking increases the risk of developing cancer in different organs, such as lungs, throat, esophagus, bladder, among others.
  • Condition of the cardiovascular system: Smoking increases the chance of heart attacks, strokes, and coronary heart disease.
  • Damage to blood vessels: Smoking damages blood vessels, which can lead to peripheral circulatory and vascular problems.

Quitting this habit as soon as possible is essential to reduce these risks and improve overall health.

Tobacco use in adolescents is a cause for concern due to the serious consequences that you may have in your body that is still developing. Among the consequences associated with smoking in adolescence it is possible to mention:

  • It can affect lung growth.
  • Risk of nicotine addiction.
  • Increases the probability of developing cardiovascular diseases in adulthood.
  • Increase in the probability of developing respiratory diseases in adulthood.

Tobacco use in youth can have a significant impact on your future health and quality of life. It is essential to be vigilant, avoiding the start of this harmful habit at a stage as crucial as adolescence or seeking therapy to stop this habit as soon as possible.

Tobacco can damage the heart in several ways.

Chemicals in smoke can damage arteries and cause them to narrow, increasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and heart attacks. Additionally, smoking increases heart rate and blood pressure, which puts more stress on the heart and can contribute to the development of long-term heart problems. All this endangers heart health, increasing the likelihood of suffering from serious cardiovascular diseases.

It is essential to avoid tobacco consumption, protecting cardiovascular health and associated complications.

Tobacco contains nicotine, which is a highly addictive substance with a significant impact on the nervous system.

Nicotine reaches the brain and acts as a stimulant of the central nervous system, triggering a release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine. This can create a feeling of pleasure and well-being, leading to physical and psychological dependence on nicotine, and causing the brain to associate smoking with relief and satisfaction. Besides, Smoking is closely related to an increased risk of stroke, cognitive decline, and risk of neurodegenerative diseases.

Tobacco affects the nervous system due to the presence of nicotine. When smoking, nicotine stimulates the central nervous system, causing the release of neurotransmitters that can increase attention and alertness.

Its continuous consumption can lead to nicotine dependence, generating withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, anxiety and difficulty concentrating when trying to quit smoking. Besides, Tobacco can have negative effects on memory and brain function in the long term.

This habit is associated with various serious diseases, among which it is possible to highlight:

  • Cancer: Smoking is closely associated with lung cancer, but it can also increase the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat, esophagus, pancreas, kidney, bladder and other organs.
  • Respiratory diseases: Tobacco use can affect lung capacity, make breathing difficult and trigger chronic respiratory diseases.
  • Cardiovascular diseases: Smoking significantly increases the risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases such as heart attacks, hypertension, strokes, among others.
  • Periodontal diseases: Tobacco can damage the gums and tissues that support the teeth, increasing the risk of tooth loss and various diseases.
  • Peripheral vascular diseases: Smoking can affect blood circulation in the extremities, leading to peripheral vascular problems.
  • Gastrointestinal diseases: Tobacco consumption can cause ulcers and gastroesophageal reflux, affecting the digestive system.
  • Complications during pregnancy and risk of low birth weight.

It is important to be aware of the diseases associated with smoking, and be vigilant so that you can seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Specialists in quitting smoking in Madrid | Internal Medicine

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