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Hypertension

High blood pressure, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a condition in which the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries is too high. If not properly controlled, it can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Hypertension service specialties

Hypertension unit in Madrid

Dr. Samar Elgeadi

In this video, Dr. Samar Elgeadi explains to us how the hypertension unit at Clínica Elgeadi works and the importance of controlling our blood pressure.
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Our patients' experience

Why is it important to control blood pressure?

Managing hypertension involves making lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy (low-sodium) diet, regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing stress, and avoiding excessive alcohol consumption.

Additionally, in many cases the use of antihypertensive medications under the supervision of a doctor is required.

Resolving doubts…

High blood pressure, also known as high blood pressure, It is a condition that occurs when the force exerted by blood against the walls of the arteries is constantly high.

A person is considered to have hypertension when their blood pressure is consistently equal to or greater than 130/80 mmHg.

This condition It can be caused by multiple causes, and is usually the result of a combination of factors.

Among the most common causes we can find an unhealthy lifestyle, lack of physical activity, a diet high in sodium (salt) and low in potassium, alcohol and smoking. Additionally, factors such as obesity, chronic stress, age, and a family history of hypertension can also contribute to the development of this condition.

High blood pressure, also known as “the silent killer,” usually does not present obvious symptoms in the early stages. However, when blood pressure is very high or in very severe cases, some people may experience certain symptoms, including a persistent headache, dizziness, blurred vision, difficulty breathing, nosebleeds or heart palpitations.

Uncontrolled high blood pressure can have serious consequences on the blood vessels and organs of our body.

Over time, consistently high blood pressure can lead to a variety of complications, including stroke, heart failure, aneurysms, kidney problems, eye problems, dementia, and more.

It is essential to highlight that the prevention and control of high blood pressure are essential to reduce the risk of these complications.

The diagnosis of high blood pressure is made by repeatedly measuring blood pressure at different times and occasions, either in the doctor's office or with the help of measuring devices at home. A person is considered to have high blood pressure when their blood pressure readings are consistently equal to or greater than 130/80 mmHg.

Treatment of hypertension may involve a combination of lifestyle changes and the use of medications to achieve adequate blood pressure control.

Lifestyle changes play a key role and can include adopting a healthy diet, increasing physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking.

It is important to note that the treatment of high blood pressure must be individualized and supervised by a doctor. The professional will determine the most appropriate treatment strategy based on the patient's specific situation.

Adequate care is essential for the effective management of high blood pressure. Among the recommendations and guidelines that can help keep blood pressure under control are:

  • Follow a healthy diet
  • keep a healthy weight
  • Doing physical activity
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Avoid smoking
  • Controlling stress
  • Perform regular medical checkups

It is important that hypertensive people take certain precautions into account and avoid situations that may put their health at risk. Among the recommendations it is possible to mention:

  • Avoid salt consumption
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Avoid smoking
  • Avoid chronic stress
  • Limit caffeine consumption
  • Avoid sedentary lifestyle
  • Be careful with over-the-counter medications

Blood pressure control in Madrid | Internal Medicine

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